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Catalert.png Please copy and paste ' [[Category:Surgeonfish]] ' into the end of your article to include it in this category.

Surgeonfish, Tangs and Unicornfish belong to the family Acanthuridae. The family includes about 80 species in six genera, all of which are marine fish living in tropical seas, usually around coral reefs. Many of the species are brightly coloured and extremely popular for aquaria.

The distinctive characteristic of the family is the spines, one or more on either side of the tail, which are dangerously sharp. Both the dorsal and anal fins are large, extending for most of the length of the body. The small mouths have a single row of teeth used for grazing on algae.

They got the name "Surgeonfish" from the aforementioned caudal peduncle spine, which resembles the shape of a surgeon's scalpel. The name "Tang" originates from the German word "Seetang", or seaweed, referring to these fish's vegetarian diet.

  • Latin names are listed below, for common names click here.

Common Name Species Name Image Difficulty Maximum Size Tank Size
Black Longnose Tang Zebrasoma rostratum No Image.png Moderate 9 in 180 gal
Blochii Tang Acanthurus blochii Acanthurus blochii38576.jpg Moderate 45 cm 150 gal
Chocolate Surgeonfish Acanthurus pyroferus Acanthurus pyroferus4537.jpg Challenging 8 in 75 gal
Mustard Tang Acanthurus guttatus No Image.png Moderate 30 cm 250 gal
Sohal Tang Acanthurus sohal Acanthurus sohal3453.jpg Challenging 40 cm 150 gal
Squaretail Bristletooth Tang Ctenochaetus truncatus No Image.png Moderate 6.5 in 70 gal
Tomini Surgeonfish Ctenochaetus tominiensis Ctenochaetus tominiensis4537.jpg Challenging 8 in 75 gal
Two Spot Bristletooth Tang Ctenochaetus binotatus No Image.png Moderate 8 in 70 gal
Yellowtail Surgeonfish Prionurus punctatus No Image.png Easy 23 in 70 gal