[download Πολιτεία] epub by Plato



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  1. says: [download Πολιτεία] epub by Plato

    free read ´ eBook or Kindle ePUB ó Plato Plato ó 3 download free read Πολιτεία Let me explain why I'd recommend this book to everyone Plato is stupid SeriouslyAnd it's important that you all understand that Western society is based on the fallacy ridden ramblings of an idiot Read this understand that

  2. says: free read Πολιτεία [download Πολιτεία] epub by Plato

    [download Πολιτεία] epub by Plato free read ´ eBook or Kindle ePUB ó Plato free read Πολιτεία All the criticisms of Plato are valid He raises straw arguments He manipulates discussions unfairly He doesn't offer realistic solutions And

  3. says: [download Πολιτεία] epub by Plato

    [download Πολιτεία] epub by Plato free read ´ eBook or Kindle ePUB ó Plato free read Πολιτεία Plato's The Republic is a great but flawed masterpiece of western literature yes it makes sense mostly some of it I am the wisest man in the world because I know one thing that I know nothing said the smart man Socrates Plato is writing for Socrates his friend and teacher Late teacher since being forced to commit suicide by the uncomfortable citizens of Athens the famous poisoned cup of hemlock for corrupting the minds of youth Socrates d

  4. says: [download Πολιτεία] epub by Plato

    [download Πολιτεία] epub by Plato Is the attempt to determine the way of man’s life so small a matter in your eyes—to determine how life may be passed by each one of us to the greatest advantage? 1344d I propose therefore that we inuire into the nature of justice and injustice first as they appear in the State and secondly in the individual p

  5. says: [download Πολιτεία] epub by Plato free read ´ eBook or Kindle ePUB ó Plato free read Πολιτεία

    free read ´ eBook or Kindle ePUB ó Plato [download Πολιτεία] epub by Plato Plato ó 3 download My re reading of this for my university course has led me to the same conclusions I found when I first read it a couple of years back except this time I am fortunate enough to have understood it better than last time My conclusions being that Plato and through him Socrates was very intelligent believed he was intelligent than everyone else

  6. says: Plato ó 3 download free read ´ eBook or Kindle ePUB ó Plato [download Πολιτεία] epub by Plato

    [download Πολιτεία] epub by Plato I’ve gotten into the habit of dividing up the books I’ve read by whether I read them before or after Plato’s Republic Before The Republic reading was a disorganized activity—much the same as wading through a sea of j

  7. says: [download Πολιτεία] epub by Plato free read ´ eBook or Kindle ePUB ó Plato

    free read Πολιτεία free read ´ eBook or Kindle ePUB ó Plato Plato ó 3 download Halfway through now and the ability to see the book as a metaphor for civic and personal moral development becomes difficult The book is only useful if you are tracking the history of ideas which I am not The state Plato

  8. says: free read ´ eBook or Kindle ePUB ó Plato [download Πολιτεία] epub by Plato Plato ó 3 download

    free read ´ eBook or Kindle ePUB ó Plato Plato ó 3 download [download Πολιτεία] epub by Plato The Republic is where Plato lays down his ideas of an ideal state and its rulers Plato's Utopian state is one which is just and his ideal rulers are philosophers Presented as a series of dialogue between Socrates and Plato's brothers Adeimantus and Glaucon in eleven parts Plato step by step forms his ideal state Part I and II its rulers Part IV and Part VII their education women's position Part VI and the position of art and poetry Part X

  9. says: [download Πολιτεία] epub by Plato free read ´ eBook or Kindle ePUB ó Plato

    Plato ó 3 download [download Πολιτεία] epub by Plato I’ve read this right through a couple of times now – three or there about I think And bits of it many many times This is

  10. says: [download Πολιτεία] epub by Plato free read ´ eBook or Kindle ePUB ó Plato Plato ó 3 download

    Plato ó 3 download [download Πολιτεία] epub by Plato It's been far too long ago since I read this to write a critical review however it should be reuired reading for all students in America at the very least Oh how far we have strayed

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It s been far too long ago since I read this to write a critical review however it should be reuired reading for all students in America at the very least Oh how far we have strayed Halfway through now and the ability to see the book as a metaphor for civic and personal moral development becomes difficult The book is only useful if you are tracking the history of ideas which I am not The state Plato describes here is one that is highly prohibitive in almost every aspect Arts and culture are severely controlled for propaganda purposes There is a complete inability to view open transparent government as an option The guardians must be lied to and deceived constantly if they are to develop correctly Moreover to establish what we might call a footing for his premises there is an overwhelming amount of presumption on the part of the author Much of the reasoning seems specious It strikes this reader how Plato did not have a long and detailed historical record to call on as we do There are many assumptions for instance with respect to the education of the guardians that shows a weak grasp of human psychology The guardians should in effect be shielded from badness and wrongdoing if they are to develop the appropriate appreciation for virtue Well if they re not exposed to badness how will they now it when they see it Other aspects of guardian nurturing and education too are severe if not totalitarian by today s standards First the very sick are to be left to die This was of course a sign of the times Medicine was primitive But there is not an iota of compassion about those left to die This indeed would connote softness something not wanted in our guardians who are to be simultaneously brave and happy not unlike the family dog Plato actually says that The overwhelming import of the reading so far has been to show me how very far we as a culture western have come in the than 2400 years since Republic s composition As Martin Luther King Jr said and I paraphrase the arc of history is long but it bends toward justice I stopped on p 134 unable to finish To use a line from Candide the book fell from my handsAC says I should not be reading this translation at all but GMA Grube s So I will Is the attempt to determine the way of man s life so small a matter in your eyes to determine how life may be passed by each one of us to the greatest advantage 1344d I propose therefore that we inuire into the nature of justice and injustice first as they appear in the State and secondly in the individual proceeding from the greater to the lesser and comparing them 2368e 369a The Republic An Apology The safest general characterization of the European philosophical tradition is that it consists of a series of footnotes to Plato Alfred North WhiteheadThe Famous Republic The Republic is either reverenced reviled or just plain ignore Let me explain why I d recommend this book to everyone Plato is stupid SeriouslyAnd it s important that you all understand that Western society is based on the fallacy ridden ramblings of an idiot Read this understand that he is not joking and understand that Plato is well and truly fucked in the headEvery single one of his works goes like thisSOCRATES Hello I will now prove this theorySTRAWMAN Surely you are wrongSOCRATES Nonsense Listen Strawman can we agree to the following wildly presumptive statement that is at the core of my argument Insert wildly presumptive statement here this time it s There is such a thing as Perfect Justice and There is such a thing as Perfect Beauty among othersSTRAWMAN Yes of course that is obviousSOCRATES Good Now that we have conveniently skipped over all of the logically necessary debate because my off the wall crazy ideas surely wouldn t stand up to any real scrutiny let me tell you an intolerably long hypothetical story Insert intolerably long hypothetical storySTRAWMAN My God Socrates You have completely won me over That is brilliant Your woefully simplistic theories should become the basis for future Western civilization That would be greatSOCRATES Ha ha My simple rhetorical device has duped them all I will now go celebrate by drinking hemlock and scoring a cameo in Bill and Ted s Excellent AdventureThe moral of the story is Plato is stupid I ve read this right through a couple of times now three or there about I think And bits of it many many times This is one of the Thank You God For Everything key books of the western canon you really do need to be aware of it And you might be surprised at how freuently it is referenced particularly in science fiction everything from The Giver to Brave New World to The Matrix And while the world Plato is presenting is meant to be a utopia it is generally used as the basis for the most terrifying of dystopias One of the things I noticed this time through was all the eugenics Not just in the selective breeding of the human stock but also in the murder of the unfit I ve always been very sensitive to ideas ofilling people based on some notion of the costs to society that they bring I believe such ideas undermine our very humanity to the point where the improved society would no longer be fit to be called human This book is seeking to provide an answer to the uestion what is justice or rather it starts by uestioning if it is just to help your friends and harm your enemies I m not sure it is immediately obvious that we might go from these uestions to answers concerning the division of labour in a society but that seems to we might go from these uestions to answers concerning the division of labour in a society but that seems to a major consideration of the theory of justice being presented here Basically people are born with various levels of merit and a just society would identify those who are favoured with whatever merit they have and it would set them to the tasks that best suit whatever merit they have Plato talks of the merit of people as a bit like being assigned to different metals not unlike in the Olympics those people metals differentiate them into different classifications gold silver and iron and each will have their proper tasks in society Once you have been assigned to one of these classifications you are pretty much stuck there There are tasks that are appropriate to your abilities and the just society is one where people are assigned tasks that best meet their abilities For this reason it is important that parents don t Dirla tutta sul mercato globale. Idee per un'economia mondiale assennata know their own children and that children are brought up in common by the whole of society That way you won t end up with a bronze child from two gold parents being given a gold education that they will not be able to make any use of or their bronze child wreaking havoc trying to be a philosophering when they would have been a better baker or blacksmith or something All the same the best people are still likely to have the best children and so the society should make all proper efforts to ensure that the best breeds with the best in much the same way as you would if you were breeding race horsesThe best societies would be ruled by philosopher Post Traumatic Slave Syndrome: America's Legacy of Enduring Injury and Healing kings and they would not be allowed to have any possessions of their own since they ought to be focused on the good of the society as a whole There is aind. Presented in the form of a dialogue between Socrates and three different interlocutors this classic text is an enuiry into the notion of a perfect community and the ideal individual Πολιτεία

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Empirical and mystical tendencies Nietzsche and his followers condemn Plato for dividing up the world into self evident good and bad The list of complaints can be extended almost endlessly And it should be said there is some justice in all of these criticisms But just you try and found an entire intellectual tradition spanning thousands of years and see if you do any betterIn Plato I find something so valuable that it could outweigh every one of those criticisms Plato s celebration of thinking for its own sake argument for the sake of argument debate for the sake of debate Too often we consider intellectual activity as merely a means to some desirable end how rarely we consider that thinking is its own reward Vigorous thought is one the Mordecai Cubitt Cooke Victorian Naturalist Mycologist Teacher and Eccentric keenest joys in life And that is why Plato is so valuable why he still has so much to offer our world perhaps now than everA note on justice Even though Plato spills much ink in trying to prove that justice is desirable than injustice I think the real solution is in Glaucon s speech in Book 2 where Plato manages to hit upon the solution provided by game theory It s worth uoting at lengthMany have believed that to do injustice is by nature good to suffer injustice evil but that the evil is greater than the good Ie The evil suffered from injustice is greater than the good gained from acting unjustly And so when men have both done and suffered injustice and have had experience of both not being able to avoid the one and obtain the other they think that they had better agree among themselves to have neither hence there arise laws and mutual covenants and that which is ordained by law is termed by them lawful and just This they affirm to be the origin and nature of justice it is a mean or compromise between the best of all which is to do injustice and not be punished and the worst of all which is to suffer injustice without the power of retaliation and justice being at a middle point between the two is tolerated not as a good but the lesser evil and honored by reason of the inability of the men to do injusticeThis view purportedly the common view of justice is game theory in a nutshell Cheating your neighbor is for you the biggest positive since you get their resources without having to work But being cheated is the biggest negative since you lose both your resources and the work you invested in procuring them Creating laws to abolish cheating is a sort of compromise avoiding the pain of being cheated at the expense of the gain from cheating That to me seems like the most logical explanation of justiceThis is just one example of why it s rewarding to read Plato because even when he s wrong he s right Plato s The Republic is a great but flawed masterpiece of western literature yes it makes sense mostly some of it I am the wisest man in the world because Inow one thing that I The Gold's Gym Training Encyclopedia know nothing said the smart man Socrates Plato is writing for Socrates his friend and teacher Late teacher since being forced to commit suicide by the uncomfortable citizens of Athens the famous poisoned cup of hemlock for corrupting the minds of youth Socrates didn t believe books were as effective as lectures big mistake Socrates advocates complete state control of everything land schools businesses homes and even children to be taken away from their parents and raised by the state In other words an early form of communism Plato agreed but Aristotle didn t henew only parents would love their children which The Origin of Feces kids need Most of the book is dialogues between various men as how to establish a perfect state Socrates Plato wanted Greece ruled by philosopherings With a professional army to back them up An unreachable goal as 24 centuries later has shown Greed is the primary motivation of the human race but people eep on trying to reach the elusive Utopia and failing forever Socrates "The Wise Man Was Correct " wise man was correct Republic is where Plato lays down his ideas of an ideal state and its rulers Plato s Utopian state is one which is just and his ideal rulers are philosophers Presented as a series of dialogue between Socrates and Plato s brothers Adeimantus and Glaucon in eleven parts Plato step by step forms his ideal state Part I and II its rulers Part IV and Part VII their education women s position Part VI and the position of art and poetry Part X in the new state Although some of his views are far fetched and absurd many of them Are Thought Provoking And If You Examine Carefully You Will thought provoking And if you examine carefully you will some truth in many of his viewpoints especially those relating to imperfect societies discussed in Part IXI truly enjoyed Plato s arguments although I cannot say that I agree with them all There are many insightful views though at the same time given the long years between the time in which it was written and which it was read some of the arguments are absurd according to modern standards Plato s Utopian state is one that cannot be realized in reality even Plato had his doubts about it ever being in existence But on close examination on various governance in the world we see instances where views of Plato having been adopted Taking all these into account it is no wonder that The Republic is regarded as the cornerstone of western philosophy The translation I read was done by Sir Desmond Lee I found it easy to read There were many explanatory notes within that which helped me considerably if not fully to understand the text Overall I loved the read and very happy to say that finally one of my long reading wishes is fulfilled My re reading of this for my university course has led me to the same conclusions I found when I first read it a couple of years back except this time I am fortunate enough to have understood it better than last time My conclusions being that Plato and through him Socrates was very intelligent believed he was intelligent than everyone else no matter how many times he declared himself unwise and very much loved to talk Socrates in particular must have been very fond of the sound of his own All the criticisms of Plato are valid He raises straw arguments He manipulates discussions unfairly He doesn t offer realistic solutions And so onBut he is still and for very good reason the most influential philosopher in Western civilization He makes people think Most authors we read today are trying to persuade us to agree with their point of view Plato not so He wants you to disagree with him He wants you so He wants you to disagree with him He wants you argue with him He wants you to identify the fallacies in his arguments and some are deliberately fallacious In short he wants you to do the most difficult intellectual exercise there is He wants you to think and to think deeply The other thing to realize about Plato is that he is an exuisite poet and craftsman There is nothing accidental about what he writes there is nothing superfluous Even the most minute seeming points are there for good reason Part of the joy of reading Plato for the third fourth fifth time is to see each time a bit about what he is doing and why he is doing it to come closer to appreciating his extraordinary genius and encountering ever deeply this incredible mind. F both women and men as guardians of the people With remarkable lucidity and deft use of allegory Plato arrives at a depiction of a state bound by harmony and ruled by philosopher in. Of threat to such people Plato believes they would be unlikely to really give a stuff about most things that others find very rewarding For instance wealth power prestige and so on They are likely to be seen as too other worldly even by themselves and therefore they are likely to be uninterested in taking on the responsibility of ruling and they might need to be encouraged This is all for the good because the sorts of people who want to rule are generally not the sort of people who should ever be allowed to rule This is one of the things in which me and Plato are very much on the same page although for me rather than breeding a special class of philosopher Guide to the Contemporary Harp kings to rule over us I am increasingly becoming an anarchist as I struggle to think of a single person in my life who has been a worthwhile leader I ve certainly never met a philosopher I would be happy to have as mying These philosopher Plato and Parmenides: Parmenides' Way of Truth and Plato's Parmenides kings are expected to structure pretty well all aspects of life to make sure that the dumb or rather we differently abled with all too much base metal in our veins areept content in our ignorance There are many many things that the mass of society really shouldn t be troubling their all too small minds over It is also important that the philosopher Il metodo dell'ovulazione. Atlante kings do what they can to make sure that the rest of society doesn t get their passions too excited by things like poetry either A large part of religion will need to go particularly the bits where the gods were seen fighting with each other or doing immoral things to women dressed up as bulls and such The allegory of the cave is the most famous part of this dialogue It concerns the nature of education What always strikes me about it is the pain that is associated with learning the truth and how once one has learnt the truth one appears to be foolish to all those around them But that the point of learning is to return to those who are ignorant and to be forced to attempt to explain the truth of existence to them This is almost always a near fatal enterprise People generally don t like being told they are wrong and being told everything you have ever thought was true is actually false is hardly the first line in a new romance Ieep going on about Marx s utopia being based on the idea of there being no division of labour so it is interesting that Plato s is based on the exact opposite idea to this In fact Plato says that people really only have one thing that they are likely to be good at and that they must stick to that He may have been both the first eugenicist and the first FordistTaylorist tooHis discussion of the different types of government in book viii is a bit of a highlight to this I think I found his discussion of democracy particularly interesting I m not sure I agree with it but I thought his discussion of how it tended towards tyranny was all a bit chilling and perhaps also a bit too close to home The power of money to buy democracy the fact tyrants need to remove the best of those around them and so becomes increasingly stupid and focused on giving the people what they want mostly bread and circuses looks all uncomfortably like Trump s America writ large I ve gotten into the habit of dividing up the books I ve read by whether I read them before or after Plato s Republic Before The Republic reading was a disorganized activity much the same as wading through a sea of jumbled thoughts and opinions I had no basis from which to select books except by how much they appealed to my na ve tastes But after reading The Republic it was as if the entire intellectual landscape was put into perspective Reading became a focused activity meant to engage with certain uestions uestion is the ey word here because in the end that s what Plato is all about asking the right uestions the important uestions All academic disciplines are organized around a few basic uestions what is the nature of human cognition what are the fundamental laws of the universe and in The Republic Plato touches on almost every one of them That s why shelving the book in the philosophy section doesn t uite do it justice An exhaustive list of the disciplines touched upon in THIS DIALOGUE WOULD BE MASSIVE EPISTEMOLOGY dialogue would be massive epistemology psychology eschatology political science economics art literature music In fact it would be easier "Naming Disciplines That Aren T Touched UponThat S How Plato " disciplines that aren t touched uponThat s how Plato up the intellectual landscape for me By posing these uestions in their most basic forms and attempting answers he makes it clear which uestions are the important ones in life and how difficult they are to answer And that s why Plato s Republic is the uintessential classic It has everything a classic should have a uniue perspective brilliant ideas engagement with perennial issues and a charming writing style It is the greatest book of perhaps the Western tradition s greatest thinker I don t care who you are you should read itNevertheless there are some perplexing and frustrating things about Plato For one it is extraordinarily difficult to figure out where Plato stands in relation to his work Unlike almost every later philosopher Plato didn t write didactic works He puts his ideas sometimes conflicting ideas into the mouths of the people of his day The result is a ind of double confusion To what extent are the ideas expressed by Socrates actually Socrates s To what extent are they Plato s To what extent are they anyone s Perhaps Plato was just fond of playing intellectual games and creating philosophical pocket dramasAdded to this is a Investir dans l'or : le petit manuel pratique kind of subtle irony that creeps up in several of his dialogues In Phaedrus Plato has Socrates complain about the evils of writing yet Plato obviously loved to write One of Plato s most influential ideas is his theory of forms yet one of the most influential arguments against the theory was put forward by Plato himself In The Republic as well as elsewhere Plato repeatedly euatesnowledge with goodness and falsity with evil yet he proposes to found his entire utopia on a massive lie And again in this book Plato puts forward one of the most famous arguments in history against poetry and the arts yet Plato was one of the most artistic of all writers Plato proposes to banish the myths of Homer and Hesiod then Plato ends his magnum opus with his own myth You see these contradictions again and again which leads you to wonder how many of his arguments are meant to be taken seriouslyWhat s some of the arguments put forward in his dialogues are it must be said frustratingly stupid relying on false analogies and several other types of fallacies This would be no mystery if he was a halfwit But the uality of his writing and the originality of his ideas make it clear that he was a genius This again makes you wonder if he is putting forth his ideas in earnestThere are many complaints commonly lodged at Plato and his pupil Aristotle Liberals criticize his hatred of democracy and freedom Moralists complain that he embraced slavery A friend of mine once told me that his philosophy professor called Aristotle the father of racism Scientists such as Carl Sagan disparage Plato s anti. Ithin it During the conversation other uestions are raised what is goodness; what is reality; and what is nowledge The Republic also addresses the purpose of education and the role .
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