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Viet Union with whom they d warred at the beginning of the century and as a source of raw materials and in 1932 established the puppet state of Manchukuo The creation of Manchukuo obviously heightened tensions between China and Japan Those tensions came to a head in 1937 at the Marco Polo Bridge in an incident that better marks the actual beginning of World War II as opposed to the September 1 1939 invasion of Poland by Hitler The clash at the Marco Polo Bridge led to full scale war including the infamous Nanking Massacre The only real criticism I have with The Rising Sun is in Toland s handling of the Second Sino Japanese War Part of the reason I bought this book was to learn about this forgotten theater Unfortunately however Toland deals with China in a cursory fashion He does not take the time to develop the strategy of the war or explain in great detail how it unfolded The fall of Nanking merits barely a page This stands in stark contrast to the space devoted to the American Japanese conflict beginning in 1942 For instance Toland devotes an entire and es brilliant chapter to the battle of Guadalcanal In other words despite the broad claims of its cover The Rising Sun is mainly focused on the war between American and Japan This means less attention though it s not entirely ignored paid to China s dual struggle against Japan and themselves Britain s collapse in Singapore the Burma Campaign and the massive battles of Kohima and Imphal in IndiaEven though Toland decides to place his heaviest emphasis on familiar territory it nevertheless manages to be revelatory After the earlier chapters which felt compressed The Rising Sun hits its stride in the run up to Pearl Harbor You get to see the rationale behind Japan s decisions its attempts to negotiate with America especially through Prince Konoye and the different factions within the Japanese ministry When we think of Japan in World War II we think of Nanking and Pearl Harbor of the Bataan Death March and kamikazes Prime Minister Tojo has become a caricature of evil divorced from any of the human traits that even Hitler has posthumously been granted These conceptions do little to broaden our understanding of what actually happened By taking us into the backrooms of Japanese policymaking we get to see the world and its perils as they did They faced many difficulties as a small overcrowded island nation a net importer of just about everything When President Roosevelt decided to turn of the oil spigot it was as grave a threat to Japan as Khrushchev s October missiles were to the United States in 1962To be sure Japan s colonial impulses were brutal but they had learned from the best that is from Europe It is also interesting as Toland notes how Japan s pan Asian ambitions did not fall entirely on deaf ears There were many people for whom an Asian power in the Pacific was preferable to the white powers that had dominated for a hundred Φυσιογνωμία years or using their human capital and removing their resources for exploitation elsewhere After the war of course that pan Asian spark was enough to incite anti colonial movements all over Asia including Indochina and India The difficulty in writing this type of history is thatou are taking the side of the conuered And history of course is written by the winners That means that Allied atrocities are subordinated to the carnage perpetrated by the bad guys In other words the casual reader familiar with the winner s take might feel that Toland is soft peddling Japan s crimes I don t think he does Anything that smacks of such is a function of the point of view he has chosen for his narrative Nobody does evil thinking it is evil there is always a rationalization followed by a rationalization until Een reis om de wereldin 45 kip en kalkoengerechten you re in too deep A good example of this is the Bataan Death March Toland does not skimp on the horrors suffered by MacArthur s captured troops but does place it in a milieu divorced from contemporary propaganda He shows how the overarching cause of the Death March was Japan s poor planning and its utter surprise at America s collapse in the Philippines They were simply not prepared for the influx of tens of thousands of starving disease ridden soldiers General Homma s execution at the end of the war can only be seen as MacArthur s crass punishment of the man who kicked his ass off Corregidor Though General Homma did not set out to massacre his prisoners there were certainly men under his command who intended just that This filtered down to the rank and file Japanese soldier who was created within a framework of unending violence beaten by his superiors taught to fight to the death imbued with the belief that capture was dishonor and that the way of the warrior was death Toland was an author especially suited as far as a white American could be to tell this story as he was married to a Japanese woman named Toshiko who assisted as his interpreter By giving an account of the Pacific War from the Japanese perspective he gave them a humanity denied by wartime hyperbole of unthinking unfeeling murderous fanatics Toland gives them a voice uotes their letters and diaries stands with them in their pillboxes or on the street the day a bomb exploded with the light of a thousand suns My greatest surprise in reading The Rising Sun was its emotional impact It begins as a straightforward chronological history marked by tremendous research but structurally run of the mill As the book progresses thoughou recognize the elegance of Toland s construction how he weaves the stories of heretofore unknown participants into the grander narrative Part of the reason The Rising Sun is so effective so powerful is the way Toland threads the mini arcs of participants into the larger story During the Battle powerful is the way Toland threads the mini arcs of participants into the larger story During the Battle Saipan for instance Toland follows the travails of a Les Chevaliers d'Emeraude, Tome 1 : Les Enfants Magiques young Japanese nurse and showsou the war through her eyes in all its terrible limited scope In Garapan a La bote outils Arduino - 2e d - 120 techniques pour russir vos projets young volunteer nurse by the name of Shizuko Miura a tomboy with a round merry face flinched as the first shells landed She peered out the window of the first air station into the dim light The Americans were bombarding the town again As the explosions moved closer she helped transfer those wounded in the earlier shelling to a dugout With daylight came enemy planes and an even violent barrage from the ships It is June 14 Shizuko thought calmly I have lived for eighteenears and my time to die has come A shell shook the dugout like an earthuake and knocked her to the ground She staggered outside The first aid station was obliterated She saw a piece of red metal it was shrapnel and curious touched it with her finger It burned her Planes droned overhead but no one was firing at them Garapan was aflame The heat was so intense that she could hardly breathe She started to make her way through the rubbled streets strewn with bodiesToland was able to tell stories like this because of his diligent primary research In the source section crits pour nuire : Littrature enfantine et subversion you will find ten pages filled with names noting all the people with whom he d conducted interviews The names include prime ministers admirals and also Shizuko Miura For this reason alone The Rising Sun is a touchstone of World War II writing The firsthand information gathered from these participants many of whom might have been forgotten has proven invaluable to historians and writers who have followed in Toland s footprints But this is not the only reason to read The Rising Sun or even the best Rather it is a testament to humanity in the midst of the most inhuman period of human existence In Toland s own words it is a story that is muddled ennobling disgraceful frustrating full of paradox This book explores Japan s involvement in World War II It focuses upon the Pacific theater and upon battles the bombing of Hiroshima and Nagasaki and finally it explains in detail why it took so long for the Japanese to surrender All related to the Japanese involvement is covered in detail It is not hard to follow because it written in a narrative voice projecting the views thoughts and words of those who fought both Americans and Japanese What is difficult is the slaughter Slaughter on both sides mindou I felt it was balanced neither pro Western nor pro EasternKeep in mind that I should be able to read a book from start to finish that so closely follows battle after battle is pretty darn amazing This is proof that it somehow was able to keep my attention It was clear even to me someone who shies away from books focused upon military battles and thus scarcely knows military terms You follow in detail Pearl Harbor the Bataan Death March the fall of Singapore Midway Guadalcanal Saipan the Battles of Leyte Gulf Okinawa and Iwo Jima Other battles too but those named are covered in great detail You learn the Pacific Islands If ou listen to the audiobook ou must dig up Governance and Politics in Africa your own maps but that is really no problem It would have been nice if a word or two were added about the location of the particular islands When it gets to the Battles of Leyte Gulf there are so many islands and so many fleets that I went to Wiki to get the movements on paper The reason whyou can follow these battles is that the soldiers speak and joke and talk to the reader Some change their mind Literatuur van de Moderne Tijd - Nederlandse en Vlaamse letterkunde in de 19e en 20e eeuw you follow their thoughts I did wonder sometimes how in the world the author got this information This is supposedly non fiction Letters Survivors stories afterwards This is not explained in an afterword or introduction Maybe the printed book has notes Harakiri now this is exemplified many many times in the text This is a concept difficult to understand for Westerners You need umpteen examples of particular individuals and situations to begin to understand the shame coupled with defeat in Eastern mentality I understand better but not completely I am very glad I chose this book Well worth the time and effort invested I personally think it is a book better read on paper than listened to There are so many names and details to absorb Maybeou are fluent in Japanese names but I am not My audiobook was narrated by Tom Weiner Even if he does a good job I would have preferred a snail s pace What did I like best Maybe learning why it took so long for Japan to surrender What do I think on closing the book There should be strong controls on the military Mistakes were made on both sides On every side and by all parts I learned a Mistakes were made on both sides On every side and by all parts I learned a thing The author s wife is Japanese and the book received the Pulitzer Prize for general non fiction in 1971 This is the third big book on the Pacific War I have read recently Ian Toll s first two books of a planned trilogy Pacific Crucible and The Conuering Tide were a magnificent historical account of the war from both sides So given that this book covers much the same ground though it was written much earlier I will do a lot of comparing with Toll s books though I think Toland s book is eually good ?s words “a factual saga of people caught up in the flood of the most overwhelming war of mankind told as it happened muddled ennobling disgraceful frustrating full of paradox”In weaving together the historical facts and human drama leading up to and culminating in th. ,
Looking for a relatively light read I picked this off the shelves where it had been sitting for Seksuele geheimen van de man: moderne taostische liefdestechnieken years Having read a couple of his other books I was pretty sure that Toland would be interestingIndeed he was even interesting than I had expected neither expecting that this book would be so sympathetic to the Japanese perspective nor that Toland s wife was Japanese No expert but certainly not unread about the war in the Pacific I was rather blown away by the presentation the other books I d read being very much pro Allies anti AxisAmong the propositions put to the reader by Toland s text are how Japanese policy was substantially independent of that of the other Axis powers and how the Pacific war might well have been avoided had the US State Department another secretary at the time Other contentious positions taken by the author include a rather critical portrayal of MacArthur and a rather positive one of Emperor Hirohito Roosevelt and Ambassador Grew come across well Rumors that Roosevelt knew beforehand of the Japanese intention to attack Pearl Harbor are discountedMost particularly however I liked how Toland used and defined a number of Japanese terms and expressions employing this as one means to get at the Japanese mindset something few in the US government or military understoodLike the original Tora Tora motion picture coproduced by citizens of both countries or like Clint Eastwood s recent diptych on one battle of the war this book is unusually balanced and is to be highly recommendedNow I just have to find the second volume as this one ends with Guadalcanal arguably the turning point of the Pacific 4 Stars This is probably one of the best one volume history of the Pacific war that I have read It doesn t make the mistake of beginning with Japan s war with the West but starts with the positioning before the Marco Polo bridge incident It mixes the military campaigns and battles with the politics at home This includes detailed accounts of the political and military manoeuvring of the Japanese leaders with the Prime Minister and the Emperor There is a lot of depth here which continues woven through the narrative of the war right up to the surrender of Japan This is balanced with the view from the Allies albeit in less detail This is heavily slanted toward US participation which is understandable but also covers the UK Australia and New Zealand The Soviet Union is also covered here in both the political and espionage aspects as well as the history of the countries interaction pre WW2 right through to the end game when the Soviets attacked The atomic bomb attack descriptions are terrifying and captivating Following Toland s use of first person accounts I felt empathy for the people at ground zero andes he made them feel like people not statistics The contrast between the survivors matter of fact sounding descriptions and the horror of what they went through was confronting At times it was frustrating when I wanted detail but remembering this is a 1 volume history I realised I wasn t being fair This perspective change will always be an issue when Guide to Glorantha Volume 1 you have read detailed accounts of campaigns and are re approaching it from a broader perspective I just had to adjust my point of view With a Nobel prize winning book John Toland accomplishes telling the Japanese side of WWII The 1930 s were an interesting time in Asia Japan had an exploding population and no natural resources They also had a very dangerous enemy in Communist Soviet Union threatening her Japan s solution laid in Northern China s Manchuria They occupied Manchuria easily because China was too weak to defend it Japanese business moved in and Japanese populated it Manchuria provided a number of benefits to Japan They included not only a territory to expand into but also had some natural resources More importantly however it was a buffer between the Soviet Union and Japan itself China s fear of further Japanese aggression led their weak governmental mi An epic account of the Japanese war Toland tells the story from many different perspectives from the Emperor and his aides to the lowly soldier trapped in Guadalcanal It is all here the prelude to Pearl Harbour to the finale of the bombings of Hiroshima and Nagasaki Many aspects are of interest the Japanese were continually obsessed with striking the fatal knock out blow At Pearl Harbour they believed they had accomplished that They tried again at Midway Tarawa to be held for one thousandears Saipan and on and on They even believed they could destroy the enemy on the Japanese mainland Another aspect is the ferociousness of the combatants who refused to surrender and viewed suicide as the honourable way to leave life There were always substantially Japanese deaths than American ones in most of the conflictsJohn Toland s varying montages of the agony of battles of prisoners of war of the victims of fire bombing are all very poignant The build up to the attack on Pearl Harbour and the frustration and miscues on both sides is very well told The end with the Potsdam Proclamation that was completely rejected by the Japanese government followed by the dropping of the atomic bombs well documents the legacy of the wars ending I feel at times that Mr Toland is too lenient with Hirohito s performance he could have prevented Pearl Harbour and the subseuent Japanese onslaught in Asia The Japanese had signed the Tri partite Pact with Hitler and Mussolini and this was ill received by the Anglo American democracies This was somewhat overlooked by Mr Toland Nevertheless this book is a great accomplishment and presents the war with All Its Detailed Planning From its detailed planning from Japanese viewpoint Mammoth history
of japan s 
Japan s in the Second World War Toland seeks to emulate the sweep if not the editorial tone of Shirer s Rise and Fall of the Third Reich mixing high level cabinet deliberations and diplomacy with military strategy and the on the ground experience of Japanese soldiers and sailors Toland s portrait shows a Japanese leadership eager to exploit China but agonizing over their decision to attack America and Britain the division among Japan s military and political leadership and their wholehearted commitment once war s actually declared Toland relishes details from the importance of mistranslation in deteriorating diplomatic relations to the slang and attitudes of Japanese troops Because of its scope the book s somewhat spotty on certain subjects the Sino Japanese War s barely touched on while the Anglo Chinese Japanese War s barely touched on while the Anglo Chinese in Burma s reduced to a brief chapter There s a long section on the founding of the East Asia Co Prosperity Sphere and its popularity among pan Asians but no follow up on the movement s dissolving as Japan s brutality became evident For that matter Japanese atrocities are heavily downplayed reduced to a sentence or two amidst detailed multipage battle accounts If Toland seems overly sympathetic to Japanese aspirations he deserves credit at least for his comprehensive multilayered approach Shigenori Togo had just arrived at the Palace grounds Stars shone brilliantly It was going to be a fine day The Foreign Minister was immediately ushered into the Emperor s presence It was almost at the exact moment that Ambassador Kichisaburo Nomurawas supposed to see Secretary of State Cordell Hull Togo read President Roosevelt s message and the proposed draft of the Emperor s reply The Emperor approved the reply and his countenance Togo thought reflected a noble feeling of brotherhood with all peoples The spacious plaza outside the Sakashita Gate was deserted and as Togo drove away the sole noise in the city was the crunching of gravel under the car tires His mind was far away in a few minute one of the most momentous days in the history of the world would begin John Toland The Rising Sun The Decline and Fall of the Japanese Empire 1936 1945 By my last count there were one gazillion books on World War II with coming out every week And it will never stop World War II will continue to be refought between the covers and on Kindles long after human memory of the event is gone It will be told for as long as there are people to tell stories The uestion then is which of those books to read You can spend our entire life reading World War II books and not even scratch the surface Besides there are other things to do in life Like drinking or reading about the American Civil War or doing both at the same time Thankfully there are a few landmark books the ones that everyone can name the ones that are certified as classic that stand out from the pack like a guy wearing an Armani suit at a clown college or a clown at an Armani store if ou prefer In the European Theater of Operations one of those classics is William Shirer s The Rise and Fall of the Third Reich Shirer was a journalist who spent time in prewar Nazi Germany and even followed the Nazis into France Concerned that the Gestapo was going to arrest him Shirer fled Germany in 1940 and later wrote his seminal account a history of the Second World War as seen through the eyes of Hitler and his henchmen The Rise and Fall of the Third Reich has its shortcomings among them an archaic and heavily belabored distaste for homosexuality but there is no denying its place in the firmament All books coming after had to deal with its shadow John Toland s The Rising Sun The Decline and Fall of the Japanese Empire is a Pacific Theater counterpoint to Shirer s masterwork It tells the tale of the other side of World War II and does so mainly from the point of view of the Japanese Upon publication it won the Pulitzer Prize and can be found in the endnotes and bibliography of just about every subseuent book written about the Pacific War More than anything though it is a book that finds that perfect balance between macro and micro between general and private and civilian It always strives to hold the big picture clear but never fails to remind Out of My Comfort Zone: The Autobiography you of the individuals who collectively made that big picture As such this is a rare history one that is scholarly and massively researchedet also shot through with empathy compassion and humanism It is one of the best books I ve read on World War II Toland begins in 1936 with oung Japanese radicals bent on assassinating several of the Emperor s advisers These men were practicing gekokujo or insubordination a semi legitimate form of rebellion In this opening chapter Toland briskly sometimes too briskly outlines the background that fomented gekokujo the fall of monarchies after World War I the competition between democracy socialism and Communism that came in its wake the rapid westernization of Japan and the resulting scandals and corruption Japan s population explosion and the inevitable blowback by conservatives and nationalists During Japan s rise as a Pacific power it invaded Manchuria which it saw as a buffer against the So. This Pulitzer Prize–winning history of World War II chronicles the dramatic rise and fall of the Japanese empire from the invasion of Manchuria and China to the atomic bombing of Hiroshima and Nagasaki Told from the Japanese perspective The Rising Sun is in the author?.

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The Rising Sun The Decline and Fall of the Japanese Empire 1936 45