read [ The Korean War epub ] By Bruce Cumings
S the US South Korean forces were responsible for roughly six times attrocities than the Chinese North Korean forces how both sides viewed
One Another And How Memories another and how memories the war have effected all sides not least the North where the War and their previous experience with Japanese Imperialism provide historical justification for the regimeThis is a fascinating book and in my opinion gains than it loses for not being a chronological account of the movements of armies and the decisions of generals and political leaders Instead its thoughtful analysis and multifaceted approach serve to give the reader a richer view
Of A War That a war that the West has largely been eclipsed by the Second World War that preceded it and the War in Vietnam which was the next Asian country to feel the effects of US military intervention The Korean War is a book I wouldn t hesitate to recommend This work is not a full and many sided account of the Korean War p231 as the author himself concedes In large measure this is because unlike the United States and South Korea the archives of North Korea are unavailable We now enough from recently opened Soviet archives that it was exactly the war Truman said It was at the time Kremlin aggression p 228 We now even from American and Korean archives and from the work of the Korean Truth and Reconciliation Commission that US forces were complicit if not actually responsible for some of the worst human rights violations during the war No wonder Americans would like to forget all about itNevertheless the Korean War changed the United States in ways that World Wars I and II and Vietnam didn t The author claims that Korea was the real origin of the military Wars I and II and Vietnam didn t The author claims that Korea was the real origin of the military complex with American bases around the world and an explosion in defense spending and contracting It turned the United States into a country entirely remote from what the founding fathers had in mind where every foreign threat however small or unlikely became magnified and the fundamental relationship of this country to the world has changed foreverThis argument isn t new and I find it a bit overblown The original military industrial complex emerged during the US Civil War and revived during World Wars I and II The Manhattan Project for example brought military science and industry into collaboration that has never ended Nonetheless Korea did bring us unprecedented peacetime spending on the military and a necklace of US installations around the Soviets necksThe ignorance of US policymakers about Korean history culture and politics was also nothing new When have the Americans ever understood the countries they occupy or meddle Not the Philippines certainly or Brazil or Greece or Iran or Ira orwell hell pick the country Americans never learn because they have sufficient power to overlook those different from us As Thucydides long ago wrote The strong do what they can and the weak suffer what they must I don t think that has changed This book was informative about mostly ghastly and terrible war crimes that were committed during the Korean war It did not go in depth about the actual battles or the White House strategy of the war as I was hoping It was clearly written by a hard core liberal with a lot of anger built up for his own country The book demonized the South Koreans and the Americans in the war while trying to make Kim Il Sung look not so bad The most damning part of the book was when he stated and I m paraphrasing Yes the North Koreans illed several American POW s but it was a merciful bullet behind the ear He then went on to make the crimes committed by the North Koreans pale in comparison to the evil south Koreans and explain why the communists hate us so much It was well written but it did not focus on the war so much and if I were in the Kremlin I would use this book as propaganda for young students studying the west Too liberal too anti American too many exceptions for communist crimes I appreciated that this book despite its title is not a blow by blow history of the war activity in North and South Korea While Cumings describes the atrocities of the Korean War 1950 1953 his focus is also on the historical background events of Korea the involvement of the Soviet Union and China the Japanese occupation the internal guerilla activities and American intervention Understanding the past ellucidates the present I have not read enough books or studied the Korean War this history was rather glossed over in my history classes to determine the possible biases in Cumings book but he is correct that the war has been the forgotten war or as Cumings prefers the unknown war the repercussions of which are still presentThis book has inspired me to read further about the Korean War and American relations with Southeast Asia. Nd atrocities committed on all sidesElegantly written and blisteringly honest The Korean War is like the war it illuminates brief devastating and essentialPraise for The Korean War“A powerful revisionist history a sobering corrective” The New York Times“Worth reading This work raises the uestion of what Korea can tell us about the outlook for Ira and Afghanistan” Financial Times “Well sourced and elegantly presented” The Wall Street Journ.
Bruce Cumings ¶ 5 DownloadThis is a survey of said conflict
and is such an unusual choice for the Modern Library Nonfiction catalogue Cumings asserts that for myriad reasonsis such an unusual choice for the Modern Library Nonfiction catalogue Cumings asserts that for myriad reasons Korean War drifted out of collective consciousness The American stewards of the War Acheson MacArthur never understood the origins and prosecuted it in a heavy handed way which only exacerbated antipathy between North and South The author asserts that the war can only be understood in the context that Japan made Korea a colony in the early 20C and that the ruling elite of the South collaborated with the Nipponese until the end of WWII The propaganda of the time racist Orientalism used the grievance of Koreans invading Korea as it is moral compass This was followed by the subseuent USUN invasion of the North which isn t viewed as egregious Then the Chinese came roaring across the Yalu and it became rather cold outside Unfortunately this book launches asides at other books on the conflict books I have lined up to read over the next couple days About the worst book I ve read about the Korean warthe author tries so hard to discredit others who have written about this war And the American men who fought and suffered there I assume the author never fulfilled his military obligation When GI s were dying in Asian countrieshe was probably sipping mint julips and playing with himself The author has a very scattered style of writing with mentions of Marilyn Monroe Picasso and a lot of other silly trivia He does the usual MacArthur bashingAND he tries to minimize Dean Acheson s idiotic Press club speech where he says that South Korea is outside America s defense perimeter The north Korean s thought about this for 6 monthsgot backing from Russia prepared for war then invaded Cumings thinks this worked beautifully for Acheson who was seeking ambiguity and trying to Conjure In African American Society keep BOTH the Communists and volatile allies GUESSING ABOUT WHAT THE US WOULD DO IF SOUTH KOREA OR TAIWAN WERE ATTACKED Yeah right when did Acheson ever say this And with the communist countries tightly allied from 1945 to the 1950 s did we REALLY want Russia to wonder about our AMBIGUIT Other reviewers have already pointed out that the title is a misnomer While Cumings manages to cover the history of the war as well as the pre and post history it is definitely not a straight narrative history The book is a revisionist look at the forgotten war which tries to show the darker side atrocities by our soldiers and allies of our participation rather than just that of the North Koreans I don tnow enough about the events to judge his point of view but I found it interesting and I do like reading both or all views of an issue There was a lot of overlap with this book at The Icarus Syndrome which I just finished see my review in that Cumings sees the US forgetting the failed attempt to take the North and focused solely on their successful push back to the 38th parallel and then using this as pretext to launch similar campaigns elsewhereThe Korean War was thus the occasion for recasting containment as an open ended global proposition 219Finally it was this war and not World War II which established a far flung American base structure abroad and a national security state at home as defense spending nearly uadrupled in the last six months of 1950 and turned the United States into the policeman of the world 243 I had issues with this book Many many issues though I didn t outright hate it I have to give it thatThe first being that for all the title is The Korean War this book really isn t about the Korean War The first chapter is a brief summary and then they talk about the atrocities committed during the war but it s hardly the focus of the book While I found a great deal of what he wrote about interesting such as pre Korean War rebellions that s not what I bought a book to read aboutOn top of that the book bounces all over the place time wiseI also didn t like Cumings s writing style The North Korean bias that didn t bother me actually it was fairly refreshing reading that given how vilianized the country normally is not really When he went and made sweeping statements that take that bias way too far One example that stood out to me was basically South Korea fought with the Japanese and supported colonialism which completely underminesundervalues any resistance that South Korea made in ejecting the Japanese colonial government Cumings also writes from one extreme to another without ever finding a middle ground For example in the introduction the tone comes across as basically Korea should be grateful that Japan colonized it and effectively tried to eradicate it s culture because modernization Really the only reason they re still holding a grudge is because they re sore losers Then not long af. A BRACING ACCOUNT OF A WAR THAT IS EITHER MISUNDERSTOOD FORGOTTEN OR WILLFULLY IGNORED For Americans it was a discrete conflict lasting from 1950 to 1953 But for the Asian world the Korean War was a generations long struggle that still haunts contemporary events With access to new evidence and secret materials from both here and abroad including an archive of captured North Korean documents Bruce Cumings reveals the war as it was actually fought He descri. Ter he goes to the complete opposite
When Talking About The Horrendous Crime Thattalking about the horrendous crime that comfort women and goes straight to Japanese bashing I will give him Womens Political Activism in Palestine kudos for focusing on the brutality of the allies side given that it s usually only focused on North Korea since they were the bad guys On top of that the language was too flowery and repetitive This is the book to read for an understanding of Korea not just the Korean War but Korea itself north and south North Korea will be much less enigmatic once you read this book Cumings goes deep into Korean history and especially into the Japanese occupation of Korea and Manchuria from the 1930s until the end of WWII In Cumings retelling the North under Kim Il Jong was heroic in its determination to rid the country of their Japanese overlords and return to Korea to the Koreans The South under Syngman Rhee was controlled Japanese collaborators who cooperated with the the US in its dedication to ridding the country of leftists whether or not they were working in league with the Northern communists Worse atrocities were committed by the South than any committed by the North And even after the outcome at the 38th parallel was rather well settled the US continued a bombing campaign for 2 years to decimate all northern economic activity Thus the attitudes of the North toward the Japanese the US and the South were cemented by the reality of their subjugation and persecution They blocked out the rest of the world other than the Chinese who had helped them and became the North Korea that wenow todayCumings does not approve or condone the dynasty that has developed in North Korea their manipulation of mythology and superstition But it becomes clear from reading his book why it became that wayBeyond being great history this book is also historiographical and discusses how the history of Korea and the war were written with a non Korean bias making the actions of Kim Il Jong seem like those of a fanatic rather than one seeking a legitimate nationalistic goal Cumings has accessed recently declassified documents as well as testimonials from survivors to paint a portrait of Korea that no American has ever seen before He attempts to bring the mysterious war between the wars into the light a conflict forgotten even before it was finished while casting doubt on our perceptions of heroes and villainsThe fights against Communism and colonialism are the backdrop for this painful dissection that begins with Korea s nineteenth century occupation by Japan A culture as old and as rich as any other was then pushed and pulled ripped apart by influence and interference from the United States the Soviet Union and China Fears and prejudices sparked atrocities by both north and south Korea against each other and against their own people and Cumings shows that America shares much responsibility for letting it happen as well as taking part A civil war that was won uickly by an outsider The Korean War then became an attempt to put a foot to the throat of growing global Communism a transgression that turned victory into stalemate and perceived defeatA short book and otherwise easy read with revelations that are hard to accept and impossible to forget NORTH AND SOUTH EAST AND WESTWhile reading through the reviews of Bruce Cummings The Korean War I noticed than one reviewer complain that Cummings book isn t a history of the war Up to a point they are right it is not a conventional history of that war beyond the first thirty seven pages of two hundred and forty three that narrate the actions of leaders and armies from beginning to end of the war But it only takes a moment of reflection to realise that the remainder of the book is as valid a part of the history of that warCummings places the war of 1950 53 firmly in its historical context making it clear that there had in essence been conflict going back decades in Korea exacerbated by the Japanese invasion of Manchuria and between those who collaborated with the Japanese and those who didn t To an extent this division was also class based He also disabuses the reader of any notion that South Korea was a land of peace and tranuillity prior to the war insurrections were endemic and the South Korean regimes response were extremely brutal The background detail on the two regimes that formed when the US artificially split Korea in 1945 is useful in so far as it diminishes assumptions based on the current state of North South KoreaOther issues dealt with include a fresh look at how the war started the role of foreign powers of whom the US followed by the Chinese were the most important the uestion of US s possible use of nuclear weapons the role the war played in the origin of the Military Industrial complex attrocities Cummings claim. Bes its origin as a civil war preordained long before the first shots were fired in June 1950 by lingering fury over Japan’s occupation of Korea from 1910 to 1945 Cumings then shares the neglected history of America’s post–World War II occupation of Korea reveals untold stories of bloody insurgencies and rebellions and tells of the United States officially entering the action on the side of the South exposing as never before the appalling massacres